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Introduction: Outcomes of Transformation

David Lane

Chapter 1 in The Transformation of State Socialism, 2007, pp 1-32 from Palgrave Macmillan

Abstract: Abstract When, on 25 February 1986, Mikhail Gorbachev launched the programme of perestroika, he presided over what was known as the ‘world socialist system’. This was made up of a core of 16 established states located in central and eastern Europe, Asia and Latin America. In addition, there were seven African states which defined themselves as ‘Marxist-Leninist’. These societies all had in common a centrally planned economy, a hegemonic communist party and a comprehensive state-based system of social welfare, science and education. They had large, well-organized armed forces and the USSR was equipped with nuclear weapons. State socialism was a world system and a competitor to capitalism.

Keywords: European Union; Gross Domestic Product; Gini Index; United Nations Development Programme; German Democratic Republic (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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DOI: 10.1057/9780230591028_1

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