Social Divergence and Productivity: Making a Connection
R. Quentin Grafton (),
Stephen Knowles () and
Dorian Owen ()
A chapter in The Review of Economic Performance and Social Progress 2002: Towards a Social Understanding of Productivity, 2002, vol. 2 from Centre for the Study of Living Standards, The Institutute for Research on Public Policy
In this chapter, Quentin Grafton, Stephen Knowles and Dorian Owen examine the implications for productivity arising from the level of social diversity along a variety of dimensions, including ethnic, linguistic and religious differences and inequalities between rich and poor. Their basic intuition is that human beings tend to associate and communicate most readily with people similar to themselves, and their hypothesis is therefore that "social divergence" generates social barriers to communication among groups, inhibiting the diffusion of knowledge and lowering the level of productivity in the economy. As a consequence, the more diverse the society and the greater the number of distinct social groups, the higher are the communication costs and the greater are the barriers to the exchange of ideas and innovation.
Keywords: Social Divergence; Social Values; Social Capital; Total Factor Productivity; Multifactor Productivity; Multi-factor Productivity; Fractionalization; Homogeneity; Heterogeneity; Productivity; Labour Productivity; Labor Productivity; Growth; Inequality; Educational Inequality; Networks; Trust; Social Networks; Language; Education; Religion; Social Cohesion; Cohesion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Z13 D24 J24 D63 J82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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