What Affects Women’s Happiness in India?
Kanako Takimoto () and
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Kanako Takimoto: Doshisha University
Chapter Chapter 5 in The Cultural Basis of Economic Growth in India, 2022, pp 133-149 from Springer
Abstract This chapter studies the well-being of women in India. Even though Goal 5 of the SDGs is “Gender equality and women's empowerment,” India's gender gap widened from 0.601 in 2006 to 0.669 in 2017. This chapter explores the actual situation of women's well-being in India. We analyze the results of two surveys: “AsiaBarometer” in 2005 and “The Survey on Well-being in India” in 2017, using the Ordered Probit Models. The overall results are three points. First, married women are happier than single, divorced, or widowed women. Then, self-employed women are more likely to be happy than employed ones. Finally, being healthy is important for happiness. We draw three implications. India's women need to have the freedom to marry or to remain single and the right to choose their partners in the event of marriage. It is also crucial for India to support the expansion of opportunities for women to start their businesses. Furthermore, providing the correct information and educational opportunity for physical and mental health is beneficial. With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, the United Nations pledged to ensure “no one will be left behind.“ Policy measures to assist women would contribute to making this pledge a reality in India.
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