Economics at your fingertips  


Nikolaos Karampekios (), Iraklis Oikonomou () and Elias Carayannis ()
Additional contact information
Nikolaos Karampekios: National Documentation Centre / National Hellenic Research Foundation
Iraklis Oikonomou: Independent Researcher
Elias Carayannis: George Washington University School of Business

Chapter Chapter 1 in The Emergence of EU Defense Research Policy, 2018, pp 1-11 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract The evolution of the European science and technology policy has been a process characterised by an ever-increasing financial commitment at the EU level (e.g. what started with 3.3 billion ECUs in the first Framework Programme (FP1) has reached 82 billion euros in H2020), an enlargement of thematic areas (focal point of FPs moved from energy and IT to more diverse and more ‘horizontal’ themes, including researcher mobility), a growing awareness of its economic implications (knowledge-based economy, technology-intensive economic growth, industrial policy) as well as its linkages to education and innovation policies (higher education area, innovation union). Despite this growing spiral, European science and technology policy was committed to one specific characteristic: its civilian orientation. Non-civilian topics, such as funding for defence research, were explicitly excluded from the scope of FPs for reasons that go back to WWII and the notion that EU is a force of good.

Keywords: Civil Orientation; European Security Research Programme (ESRP); European Defence Fund (EDF); Defense Industrial Policy; European Defence Agency (EDA) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This item can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68807-7_1

Access Statistics for this chapter

More chapters in Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

Page updated 2023-05-24
Handle: RePEc:spr:innchp:978-3-319-68807-7_1