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Alberto Garrido (), M. Ramón Llamas (), Consuelo Varela-Ortega (), Paula Novo (), Roberto Rodríguez-Casado () and Maite M. Aldaya ()
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Alberto Garrido: Technical University of Madrid (UPM)
M. Ramón Llamas: Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Consuelo Varela-Ortega: Technical University of Madrid (UPM)
Paula Novo: Technical University of Madrid (UPM)
Roberto Rodríguez-Casado: Technical University of Madrid (UPM)
Maite M. Aldaya: University of Twente

Chapter Chapter 2 in Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain, 2010, pp 7-16 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract First introduced by Allan (1997, 1999), the concept of “virtual water” refers to the volume of water used to produce a commodity, good or service. This term can be defined from two distinct perspectives. From the production-site standpoint, the virtual-water content of a product is the volume of freshwater used to produce a product measured at the place where it is produced (Hoekstra and Chapagain 2008). From the consumption-site standpoint, it refers to the volume of water that would have been required to produce a product where it is consumed (Hoekstra and Chapagain 2008).

Keywords: Water Scarcity; Water Footprint; Environmental Kuznets Curve; Virtual Water; Gross National Income (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-5741-2_2

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