On the Determinants of Low Productivity of Rice Farming in Mozambique: Pathways to Intensification
Chapter Chapter 2 in In Pursuit of an African Green Revolution, 2016, pp 13-38 from Springer
Abstract This chapter analyzes a rice farmer panel data set that was collected in 2007/2008 and 2011 in Mozambique. We found that in a rainfed area, farmers expanded their cultivated area as local paddy prices increased in parallel with international rice pricerice price trends. However, the average yield decreased as the farmers were approaching to marginal land of their land frontier. To improve yield for further production increases, the production mode must shift from extensificationextensification to intensificationintensification through the introduction of land-saving technologies, such as irrigation development. A lesson learnt from the Chokwe Irrigation Scheme, the largest scheme of the country, is useful for this aim. A key lesson is that assuring water access is crucially important because timely water application directly increases output and also increases the returns to chemical fertilizer use. In Chokwe, a recent increase in the real price of modern inputs, such as fertilizer and tractors, saw farmers substitute family laborfamily labor for modern inputs, that is, a return to traditional farming. To recapture the momentum of modernization, our analyses suggest that training and market accessmarket access are important because those farmers who received a management trainingmanagement training program did not give up using animal tractionanimal traction . Additionally, those who had access to rice buyers kept using chemical fertilizer.
Keywords: Rice farming; Mozambique; Irrigation; Modern inputs; Rice production managementproduction management training (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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