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A Scientific Modeling of Factors of Human Motivation in Organizations

Theodoros Stavrinoudis () and Christos Kakarougkas ()
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Theodoros Stavrinoudis: University of the Aegean
Christos Kakarougkas: University of the Aegean

A chapter in Innovative Approaches to Tourism and Leisure, 2018, pp 447-464 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract The present manuscript has two key objectives, firstly it will model the concept of human motivation within an organization and secondly, based on this modeling, it will extract within a coded framework the key motivational factors, as well as the variables that describe/define those factors. To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, an extensive review of the international scientific literature was conducted, while the method of content analysis was adopted. This method allowed the creation of a new integrated model of human motivation in organizations, which led to the formulation and the novel codification of two main factors: the regulating factor and the motivating factor. The regulating factor within an organization can regulate/affect the motivating factor which in turn affects the behavior and the actions of the employees. The regulating factor within an organization depends on two agent factors: the human/employee (Maehr and Mayer in Educ Psychol Rev 9:371– 412, 1997; Wiley in Int J Manpower 18:263–280, 1997) and the community/organization (Miner in Role motivation theories. Psychology Press, USA, 1994; Wiley in Int J Manpower 18:263–280, 1997). Likewise, the motivating factor depends on two agent factors: needs (Islam and Zaki Hj. Ismail in Int J Commer Manage 18:344–362, 2008; Koole in Cogn Emot 23:1–44, 2009; Fisher in J Manage Rev 12:384–412, 2010; Von Gilsa and Zapf in The role of emotion and emotion regulation in job stress and well being. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013) and the outcomes of actions/behaviors (positive or negative) (Amaratunga and Baldry in Facilities 20:327–336, 2002; Robbins and Judge in Organizational behavior. Prentice Hall, USA, 2010; Abadi et al. in Int Bus Manage 2:157–169, 2011). Based on the findings of this manuscript, the researchers will soon conduct a field research upon the motivation via reward systems in Greek luxury hotels and how these systems can contribute to the change of organizational culture in hotels.

Keywords: Motivation; Human behavior; Factors; Organization; Hotels; Modeling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-67603-6_34

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