Economics at your fingertips  

The Rules of the Game in Transition: How Informal Institutions Work in South East Europe

Alena Ledeneva () and Adnan Efendic ()
Additional contact information
Alena Ledeneva: University College London

Chapter 31 in The Palgrave Handbook of Comparative Economics, 2021, pp 811-845 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract This chapter reviews the literature on the interaction of formal and informal institutions and undertakes empirical tests for the validity of claims about the substitutive role of informal institutions. We address two questions: ‘what works when the formal institutions do not?’ and ‘to what extent do formal institutions constitute real constraints in South East European societies, characterised by strong hold of personalised trust and reliance on personal connections.’ To answer these questions, we analyse survey data from eight countries of South East Europe (SEE). When formal rules fail to be effective, social norms of reliance on ‘trusted people and connections’ predominate as a default option, alongside the complexity of factors surrounding the workings of informal networks that channel and enable such interactions.

Keywords: Formal institutions; Informal institutions; Rules; Constraints; Trust; Informal networks; South East Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

There are no downloads for this item, see the EconPapers FAQ for hints about obtaining it.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This item can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50888-3_31

Access Statistics for this chapter

More chapters in Springer Books from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

Page updated 2023-01-25
Handle: RePEc:spr:sprchp:978-3-030-50888-3_31