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Innovation and growth in Germany over the past 150 years

Hariolf Grupp, Icíar Dominguez Lacasa, Monika Friedrich-Nishio and Andre Jungmittag
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Hariolf Grupp: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)
Icíar Dominguez Lacasa: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)
Monika Friedrich-Nishio: Institute of Economic Policy Research (IWW) at the University of Karlsruhe

A chapter in Entrepreneurships, the New Economy and Public Policy, 2005, pp 267-287 from Springer

Abstract: Abstract This contribution starts from today’s definitions of innovation indicators and traces their evolution back over the past 150 years. It is divided into a descriptive and an econometric part. The German innovation system has generally been very stable, even though it witnessed several political changes over the past century. This allows a comparison of the period 1850–1913 with 1951–1999. In the first period, the overall empirical results indicate a linear innovation relation between student numbers as well as public science expenditure, the number of patents granted, and economic demand. However, the second period suggests a different logic in the innovation process: demand drives total R&D expenditure, while patent output does not follow demand. The real domestic product does not seem to depend strongly on innovation activities.

Keywords: Innovation System; Structural Break; Innovation Activity; Impulse Response Function; German Democratic Republic (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005
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DOI: 10.1007/3-540-26994-0_15

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