The Autonomy Researches as the Part of the Organizational Entrepreneurship
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Jaroslaw Karpacz: Jan Kochanowski University, Poland
The issue of entrepreneurship is one of the most discussed topic in the management studies. At the same time, clear solutions and answers about, for example, measurement of the entrepreneurship level, have not been worked out yet. One of the possibilities of its measurement is entrepreneurship orientation (EO). The researches foreordain EO to be one of the measures of the level of entrepreneurship, as EO reflects the attitude of the companies to be involved in the strategic activities with innovation, proactiveness and risk-taking. The attitude of the company is determined by two endings of a continuum, one representing the conservative firm, and the other entrepreneurial. This is the reason why the researchers point to EO as a kind of a guidance for taking entrepreneurial activities, which are the effect of searching and seizing the opportunities by the firm. However, while all researchers agree to perceive EO as the tool of the entrepreneurial measurement, they cannot reach the agreement on the issues of conceptualization and operationalisation of EO. Recognition of these issues will show the role of autonomy in the development of entrepreneurship both on the organisational and individual level. Therefore, determining the role of the autonomy in the entrepreneurial researches as the objective of the study seems to be well founded. The overview of the scientific studies dealing with the attempt to understand and explain the role of the autonomy in the development of entrepreneurship will lead to ambiguous conclusions. The scientific literature studies revealed a dual character of autonomy in the entrepreneurial researches. Two points of view were presented. The first approach presumes that autonomy is the antecedence of business activity of an entrepreneurial nature, while the other approach points to autonomy as one of the EO dimensions. The views of most researchers are closer to the first approach.
Keywords: entrepreneurship orientation; innovativeness; autonomy; performance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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