Sme’S Segment in Poland Against Ue’S Enterprices
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Jacek Kolbik: Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Poland
The SME’s segment plays a key role in the economic growth of capitalistic countries. This role results mainly from absorbing sources of huge labour force. It prevents raising of unemployment (there are two on three people employed in SME’s in Poland). Additionally, they produce almost a half Polish GDP (Gross Domestic Product). It is worth to pay attention how those enterprises work. Especially, in globalization time it is important to compare national companies to the regional ones. While discussing the situation of Polish enterprises in the SME’s segment on the background of its EU equivalent, it is worth to underline, how it functions in micro, small and medium firms . A little larger contribution of Small Enterprises in Poland can be explained by Pole’s entrepreneurial, comparing to European’s average. On the other hand it doesn’t result in added value in Polish economy. It proclaims, that Polish SME’s segment is less productive than European’s average. Estimating productivity as the enterprises flows on the one employed, it occurs that Poland is on the endmost in Europe. This indicator, on the 100 000 euro per employed stage, causes that productivity of Polish’ enterprises is seven times lesser than Switzerland’s – the leader of this category. However, relatively big number of newly established enterprises in Poland and their annual increase can be found as a plus side. Only in 2012 yr. it was approximately 4000 founded enterprises in Poland. It can be considered as a success in comparison to countries like: Spain, Italy or Portugal. To sum up, while discussing about Polish’ SME’s situation, it has to be said, that it doesn’t differ too significantly from its European equivalent. The only one, but the main Polish problem is its low productivity. On the contrary, its huge advantage is a superior resourcefulness.
Keywords: SME’s segment in Poland; finances; economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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