Market Structure and the Environmental Implications of Trade Liberalization: Russia’s Accession to the World Trade Organization
Thomas F. Rutherford,
David Tarr and
Natalia Turdyeva ()
Chapter 20 in Trade Policies for Development and Transition, 2017, pp 459-485 from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
We investigate the environmental impacts of Russia’s World Trade Organization (WTO) accession with a computable general equilibrium model incorporating imperfectly competitive firms, foreign direct investment and endogenous productivity. WTO accession increases CO2 emissions through technique (−), composition (+) and scale (+) effects. We consider three complementary policies to limit CO2 emissions: cap and trade, emission intensity standards and energy efficiency standards. With imperfectly competitive firms, gains from WTO accession result with any of these policies. If we assume perfectly competitive market structures, the negative environmental impacts of WTO accession are smaller and no net gains arise when environmental regulation involves energy intensity or efficiency standards.
Keywords: International Trade Policy; Developing Countries; Transition Countries; Growth; Poverty; Environment; Multilateral; Adjustment Costs; Autos and Steel (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Market Structure and the Environmental Implications of Trade Liberalization: Russia's Accession to the World Trade Organization (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789813108448_0020
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