STEM Workers, H-1B Visas, and Productivity in US Cities
Kevin Shih () and
Chad Sparber ()
Chapter 9 in The Economics of International Migration, 2016, pp 277-307 from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workers are fundamental inputs for innovation, the main driver of productivity growth. We identify the long-run effect of STEM employment growth on outcomes for native workers across 219 US cities from 1990 to 2010. We use the 1980 distribution of foreign-born STEM workers and variation in the H-1B visa program to identify supply-driven STEM increases across cities. Increases in STEM workers are associated with significant wage gains for college-educated natives. Gains for non-college-educated natives are smaller but still significant. Our results imply that foreign STEM increased total factor productivity growth in US cities.
Keywords: Migration; Immigration; Growth; Productivity; Labor Markets; Selection; Immigration Policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 O15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: STEM Workers, H-1B Visas, and Productivity in US Cities (2015)
Working Paper: STEMWorkers, H1B Visas and Productivity in US Cities (2013)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789814719902_0009
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