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Insight into Stagnating Life Expectancy: Analysing Cause of Death Patterns across Socio-economic Groups

Malene Kallestrup-Lamb (), Søren Kjærgaard () and Carsten P. T. Rosenskjold ()
Additional contact information
Malene Kallestrup-Lamb: Aarhus University and CREATES, Postal: Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Fuglesangs Allé 4, Building 2631, 141a, 8210 Aarhus V, DK
Søren Kjærgaard: University of Southern Denmark, Postal: Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics, University of Southern Denmark, J.B. Winsløws Vej 9B st. tv., 5000 Odense C, DK
Carsten P. T. Rosenskjold: Aarhus University and CREATES, Postal: Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Fuglesangs Allé 4, 8210 Aarhus V, DK

CREATES Research Papers from Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University

Abstract: This article analyzes the complexity of female longevity improvements. As socio-economic status is found to influence health and mortality, we partition all individuals, at each age in every year, into five socio-economic groups based on an affluence measure that combine an individual’s income and wealth. We identify the particular socio-economic groups that have been driving the standstill for Danish females. Within each socio-economic group, we further analyze the cause of death patterns. The decline in life expectancy for Danish females is present for four out of five subgroups, however with particular large decreases for the low-middle and middle affluence groups. Cancers, smoking related causes, and other diseases particularly contribute to the stagnation. Moreover, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are found to be important for capturing the following catch-up in longevity.

Keywords: Mortality; Affluence Groups; Health Inequality; Cause of Death (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 C53 G22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age
Date: 2019-11-18
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