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The impact of Confucianism on gender inequality in Vietnam

Tien Vu and Hiroyuki Yamada

No 2020-16, AGI Working Paper Series from Asian Growth Research Institute

Abstract: We quantified influences of Confucianism on gender inequality in present-day Vietnam. We used the number (or density) of the most successful test takers in the Vietnamese imperial examinations (1075–1919) in a given district as a proxy for mastering the subject of Confucianism. Using an instrumental variable approach, we considered possible impacts on sex ratio and educational attainment of women relative to men, based on test score and population census data. We found that Confucianism has a long lasting impact on gender inequality. The results also suggested that women tended to try harder, perhaps as a countermeasure against discrimination.

Keywords: Confucianism; Gender inequality; Sex ratio; Education; Vietnam; J16; N35; Z1; I14; I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-07
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