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SMALLHOLDER INCOME AND LAND DISTRIBUTION IN AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES

Thomas Jayne (), Takashi Yamano (), Michael Weber (), David Tschirley (), Rui M.S. Benfica, David Neven, Antony Chapoto () and Ballard Zulu

No 19692, 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA from American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association)

Abstract: This paper provides a micro-level foundation for discussions of income and asset allocation within the smallholder sector in Eastern and Southern Africa, and explores the implications of these findings for rural growth and poverty alleviation strategies in the region. Results are drawn from nationally-representative household surveys in five countries between 1990 and 2000: Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Mozambique, and Zambia. The paper shows that farm sizes in most of Africa are declining over time; that farm sizes are declining at a faster rate for households at the low end of the land size distribution; that Gini coefficient measures indicate that farm sizes within the small-farm sectors are generally more inequitably distributed than in Asia and Latin America at the time of their green revolutions, not even considering the serious additional disparities in land allocation that would result if large-scale farming sectors were to be included in the several case countries having bi-modal land distribution patterns; and that the largest part of the variation in per capita farm sizes within the small-farm sectors is, in every country, predominantly within-village rather than between villages. Realistic discussions of poverty alleviation strategies in Africa need to be grounded in the context of these land distribution patterns and trends. The paper concludes by identifying the implications for poverty alleviation strategies.

Keywords: Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24
Date: 2002
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Related works:
Journal Article: Smallholder income and land distribution in Africa: implications for poverty reduction strategies (2003) Downloads
Working Paper: Smallholder Income and Land Distribution in Africa: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: Smallholder Income and Land Distribution in Africa: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies (2001) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:aaea02:19692

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.19692

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