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The Changing Landscape of International Migration: Evidence from Rural Households in Bangladesh, 2000-2014

Aiko Kikkawa and Keijiro Otsuka ()

No 284897, 2017 ASAE 9th International Conference, January 11-13, Bangkok, Thailand from Asian Society of Agricultural Economists (ASAE)

Abstract: While international migration is increasingly recognized as a key driver of development, evidence suggests that the poor cannot readily take part in international migration due to the high placement cost. Using unique data on rural households in Bangladesh for the period 2000–2014, this study explores whether the socio-economic characteristics of the beneficiary households of international migration have changed over time. Our analysis shows that household education and asset levels are important determinants of international migration, particularly in earlier years. We also find that less educated and less wealthy households did take part in migration, albeit slowly, in recent time. In addition, social network facilitating migration within community is a key contributor to migration, but its predictive power declines over time. These findings suggest that entry barriers to international migration, resulting from paucity of financial, human and social capital endowment, have decreased over time. We also explore possible causes for such changes, including persistent demand for low-skilled workers in major destination countries, increasing domestic demand for educated workers, and increasing access to loans and grants to finance migration.

Keywords: Labor; and; Human; Capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-01
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Working Paper: The Changing Landscape of International Migration: Evidence from Rural Households in Bangladesh, 2000-2014 (2016) Downloads
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