EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Use of household food insecurity scales for assessing poverty in Bangladesh and Uganda

Gabriela Alcaraz V. and Manfred Zeller ()

No 7939, 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France from European Association of Agricultural Economists

Abstract: An important dimension of poverty is access to food. Household food security implies access to the food needed for a healthy and productive life. Lack of access to and/or impaired utilization of food contribute to household food insecurity. This study compares the utility of a standardized food security scale for determining the food insecurity status of rural and urban households in Bangladesh and Uganda and for predicting poverty status. The analysis uses data from the IRIS Composite Survey Household Questionnaire (2004), which consists of 1,587 households (approximately 800 households in each country). The coping mechanisms adopted in the presence of food shortage represent the building blocks for development of the scale (7 items). In order to assess the suitability of the scale as an estimator of the households poverty status, the benchmark indicator "daily expenditures per capita" and its relation to the corresponding poverty line serves as the basis for evaluation on each country. The scale provides the means for classifying the households into 3 main groups: Non Food Insecure, Moderately Food Insecure, and Severely Food Insecure. The reliability of the scale is measured via the Cronbach's Alpha statistic. In addition, the scale is used in regression analysis in order to predict per capita daily expenditures and the poverty incidence. The results show that food insecurity does not always reflect (income) poverty. However, the use of the scale as predictor of poverty status produces rough estimates of poverty incidence that could be useful as background information. The differentiation of households according to their food security status may be valuable for focusing and developing improved food insecurity mitigation strategies.

Keywords: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 19
Date: 2007
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/7939/files/sp07al01.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Use of household food insecurity scales for assessing poverty in Bangladesh and Uganda (2008) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:eaa106:7939

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.7939

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France from European Association of Agricultural Economists Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by AgEcon Search ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-15
Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa106:7939