The influence of migration processes on rural development: a case study from Scotland
Holger Bergmann and
Kenneth J. Thompson
No 94914, 118th Seminar, August 25-27, 2010, Ljubljana, Slovenia from European Association of Agricultural Economists
In the past, much rural development planning has relied on the concept of growth poles. With the “new rural paradigm”, we find that place-specific development and bottom-up approaches have become more popular than ever. Such place-based development often envisages the use of social capital. However, insofar as social capital is a local asset that is incorporated in individuals, it can easily be destroyed but not easily rebuilt. Continued out-migration and low in-migration into rural areas can have detrimental effects on social capital, and subsequently weaken bottom-up processes in the short and medium term. This paper - based on a survey of 1412 persons in northern Scotland - suggests that intensified migratory processes destroy social capital in rural remote as well as in urban areas. The results show that not only does actual out-migration decrease the available stock of social capital but also that mere intentions to out-migrate do so as well. Insofar as social capital can be built or re-built only in the long term, policies are therefore needed that offer potential out-migrants place-specific opportunities and increase the rate of integration of in-migrants.
Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban; Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig and nep-soc
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