Economics and Productivity of Organic versus Non-organic Dairy Farms in the United States
Richard F. Nehring,
Charles B. Hallahan,
Catherine Morrison Paul and
Carmen L. Sandretto
No 44415, 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium from European Association of Agricultural Economists
Technical and scale efficiencies are estimated for organic and non-organic dairy farms in the United States using an input distance function approach. A multinomial logit analysis is used to categorize the farms by technology. Large conventional farms outperformed smaller farms in most technology / organic / non-organic categories. There was high variability in net returns among the organics so that they did not differ significantly from the large conventional farms. The largest conventional non-organic operations and conventional organic operations tended to have the higher technical efficiencies.
Keywords: Livestock; Production/Industries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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