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Productive public investment in agriculture for economic recovery with rural well-being: an analysis of prospective scenarios for Uganda

Marco Sánchez Cantillo (), Martín Cicowiez () and Francisco Pereira Fontes

No 319836, FAO Agricultural Development Economics Technical Study from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA)

Abstract: This study highlights how, through a series of scenarios, public investments promoting agricultural productivity in Uganda could drive growth in agrifood production, with favourable impacts on the economy, on well-being and on poverty, especially in rural areas. Using a modelling tool to represent the Ugandan economy, with its multiple sectors and current fiscal constraints, the study ranked the subsectors of Uganda’s agriculture that, through the productivity impact of public investments representing 0.25 percent of GDP (on average, about 373 billion 2017 Uganda shillings) during the years 2023–2025, will generate the greatest socio-economic benefits, maximizing the cost-effectiveness of the public investments. Generally, economic growth and the welfare of households, as measured by their consumption, will be positively impacted, but the impacts will ultimately depend on the sector that receives the investment, which is shown in a ranking. The agricultural sectors targeted for government investment will increase their output (and food prices will thus fall), and this will stimulate growth in non-agricultural sectors, both by increasing final demand for non-agricultural products and by lowering input prices and fostering upstream processing. Lower food prices will have a significant impact since food represents a relatively large proportion of the consumption basket of poorest households. Furthermore, labour income for rural households will increase with productivity growth, and this will reduce rural poverty. The findings of this study provide important information about the priorities of Uganda’s National Development Plan (NDP) III and vision for agriculture, as well as new priorities to be considered for enabling economic recovery with increased well-being post-COVID-19.

Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Public Economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 70 p.
Date: 2022-02-21
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:faoets:319836

DOI: 10.4060/cb8730en

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