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System Integration of Wind and Solar Power in Integrated Assessment Models: a Cross-model Evaluation of New Approaches

Robert C. Pietzcker, Falko Ueckerdt, Samuel Carrara, Harmen Sytze de Boer, Jacques Després, Shinichiro Fujimori, Nils Johnson, Alban Kitous, Yvonne Scholz, Patrick Sullivan and Gunnar Luderer

No 253730, MITP: Mitigation, Innovation and Transformation Pathways from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)

Abstract: Mitigation-Process Integrated Assessment Models (MP-IAMs) are used to analyze long-term transformation pathways of the energy system required to achieve stringent climate change mitigation targets. Due to their substantial temporal and spatial aggregation, IAMs cannot explicitly represent all detailed challenges of integrating the variable renewable energies (VRE) wind and solar in power systems, but rather rely on parameterized modeling approaches. In the ADVANCE project, six international modeling teams have developed new approaches to improve the representation of power sector dynamics and VRE integration in IAMs. In this study, we qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the last years’ modeling progress and study the impact of VRE integration modeling on VRE deployment in IAM scenarios. For a comprehensive and transparent qualitative evaluation, we first develop a framework of 18 features of power sector dynamics and VRE integration. We then apply this framework to the newly-developed modeling approaches to derive a detailed map of strengths and limitations of the different approaches. For the quantitative evaluation, we compare the IAMs to the detailed hourly-resolution power sector model REMIX. We find that the new modeling approaches manage to represent a large number of features of the power sector, and the numerical results are in reasonable agreement with those derived from the detailed power sector model. Updating the power sector representation and the cost and resources of wind and solar substantially increased wind and solar shares across models: Under a carbon price of 30$/tCO2 in 2020 (increasing by 5% per year), the model-average cost-minimizing VRE share over the period 2050-2100 is 62% of electricity generation, 24%-points higher than with the old model version.

Keywords: Resource; /Energy; Economics; and; Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-reg
Date: 2017-03-03
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http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/253730/files/NDL2017-007.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: System integration of wind and solar power in integrated assessment models: A cross-model evaluation of new approaches (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: System Integration of Wind and Solar Power in Integrated Assessment Models: a Cross-model Evaluation of New Approaches (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: System integration of wind and solar power in Integrated Assessment Models: A cross-model evaluation of new approaches (2016)
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