Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015
Filippo Bontadini and
No 324042, FEEM Working Papers from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)
We study green specialisation across EU countries and detailed 4-digit industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2015 by harmonizing product-level data (PRODCOM). We propose a new list of green goods that refines lists proposed by international organizations by excluding goods with double usage. Our analysis reveals important structural characteristics of green specialisation in the manufacturing sector. First, green production is highly concentrated, with 13 out of 119 4-digit industries, which are high-tech and account for nearly 95% of the total. Second, green and polluting productions do not occur in the same sectors, and countries specialise in either green or brown sectors. Third, our econometric analysis identifies three key drivers of green specialisation: (i) first-mover advantage and high persistence of green specialisation, (ii) complementarity with non-green capabilities and (iii) the degree of diversification of green capabilities. Importantly, once we control for these drivers, environmental policies are not anymore positively associated with green specialisation.
Keywords: Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995–2015 (2023)
Working Paper: Anatomy of Green Specialisation: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015 (2022)
Working Paper: Anatomy of Green Specialization: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015 (2020)
Working Paper: Anatomy of Green Specialization: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015: Evidence from EU Production Data, 1995-2015 (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:feemwp:324042
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