EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Impact of AIFTA on Agriculture Trade Creation & Trade Diversion: Gravity Model Analysis

S. Jagdambe

No 276046, 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists

Abstract: The prime objective of the paper is to estimate the trade creation and trade diversion effect of ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement (AIFTA) on member’s agricultural trade. The model includes 50 countries with five major FTAs and estimated with panel data regression over the period 2005-2014. We used OLS (Ordinary Least Square) and PPML (Poisson Pseudo-Maximum Likelihood) estimation method to accomplish the above-said objective. The PPML method deals with hetroskedasticity bias encountered as usual OLS method. Further, the paper has included two dummy variables Time and Country-specific effect which control the endogeneity bias in explanatory variables. The paper found that PPML results are more promising than the conventional method (OLS). Further, estimate reveals purely trade creation effect for AIFTA, MERCOSURE, and EU_15 under time fixed effect model. Under the time and country fixed effect model; AIFTA, SAPTA, and NAFTA found trade creation. In contrast, the paper also noticed purely trade diversion effect for SAPTA and EU_15 and MERCOSURE under time fixed and time and country fixed effect model respectively. The study noted that FTAs are not hampering but positively associated with the free multilateral trade.

Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-sea
Date: 2018-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/276046/files/2021.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:iaae18:276046

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists
Bibliographic data for series maintained by AgEcon Search ().

 
Page updated 2018-09-28
Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:276046