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Does relative deprivation induce migration? Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

Paul Winters (), Kashi Kafle and Rui Benfica ()

No 276981, 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists

Abstract: This paper revisits the decades-old relative deprivation theory of migration. In contrast to the traditional view which portrays absolute income maximization as a driver of migration, we test whether relative deprivation induces migration in the context of sub-Saharan Africa. Taking advantage of the internationally comparable longitudinal data from integrated household and agriculture surveys from Tanzania, Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, and Uganda, we use panel fixed effects to estimate the effects of relative deprivation on migration. We find that a household s migration decision is based not only on its wellbeing status but also on the relative position of the household in the wellbeing distribution of the local community. Results are robust to alternative specifications including pooled data across the five countries and the migration relative deprivation relationship is amplified in rural, agricultural, and male-headed households. Results imply a need to renew the discussion of relative deprivation as a cause of migration. Acknowledgement :

Keywords: Labor; and; Human; Capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dev, nep-hap and nep-mig
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Journal Article: Does relative deprivation induce migration? Evidence from Sub‐Saharan Africa (2020) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:iaae18:276981

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.276981

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