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Economic and Social Impacts of Deforestation reduction in Brazil

J.B. De Souza Filho Ferreira, V. Guidotti De Faria, L.F. Guedes Pinto and G. Sparovek

No 277084, 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists

Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the economic and social impacts of different deforestation reduction scenarios in Brazil, using a detailed inter-regional, bottom-up, dynamic general equilibrium model. We build three deforestation scenarios using detailed information on land use in Brazil, from satellite imagery that comprises deforestation patterns and land use by state and biome. This information includes agricultural suitability of soil, by biome and state, as well as the classification of land between private and public lands. Results show, for the period under consideration, low aggregate economic losses of reducing deforestation in all scenarios, but those losses are much higher in the agricultural frontier states. Reducing deforestation has also a negative impact on welfare (as measured by household consumption), affecting disproportionately more the poorest households, both at national level and particularly in the frontier regions, both by the income and expenditure composition effects. We conclude that although important from an environmental point of view, those social losses must be taken into account for the policy to get general support in Brazil. Acknowledgement : The authors are grateful to Instituto Escolhas for funding this research.

Keywords: Environmental; Economics; and; Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-07
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