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Fundamental Drivers of Food Inflation - Evidence from South Africa

M. Louw, F. Meyer and Johann Kirsten ()

No 277190, 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia from International Association of Agricultural Economists

Abstract: Food inflation and its associated drivers is an important issue to consider in a food security and macroeconomic context. Despite this, scientific research on this is sparse. This study gauges the impact of key fundamental variables on food inflation in terms of magnitude and duration. It employs time series econometric techniques and finds that the exchange rate, world food/commodity prices and local agricultural prices are the main drivers of food inflation in South Africa. In terms of the short-run dynamics, the results suggest that agricultural prices and the exchange rate take up to two months to manifest in food inflation, whereas world commodity prices only affect local food inflation after eight months. The effect of a recent drought and exchange rate depreciation on food inflation is also explored, in terms of scale and persistence. Simulations suggest that the length and effect of the recent drought, as manifested in agricultural prices, will result in double-digit food inflation lasting in excess of 12 months after the commencement of the shock. Simulation results also show that perseverance in exchange rate shocks seems to affect the scale of the final effect on food inflation more than the perseverance. Acknowledgement :

Keywords: Food; Security; and; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr
Date: 2018-07
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:iaae18:277190

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.277190

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