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Proceedings: 2nd International Conference on Food and Agricultural Economics: FACTORS OF MIGRATION IN AGRICULTURAL AREAS

Hakan Unal, Emese Bruder and Csilla Obadovics

No 296714, 2nd International Conference on Food and Agricultural Economics, April 27-28, 2018, Alanya, Turkey from International Conference on Food and Agricultural Economics

Abstract: This paper provides empirical evidence of the factors of migration in agricultural areas in Hungary. We will analyse the most important factors which cause internal migration in rural parts of Hungary. Source of data is the Territorial Information System database,which is available in settlement level at the Hungarian Statistical Office. We find that people have a better intention to migrate when dissatisfied with life and life circumstances. On one hand, our selection focused on those settlements, where there is a significant agricultural area available in terms of land use, and on the other hand, where there is significant income of local individuals have income from agricultural activities. The socio-economic variables and macro-economic conditions directly or indirectly affect the intention to migrate to other cities or settlements of the country. This paper analyses general tendency experienced in the changing rural-urban profile of Hungary and explores the major determinants and factors causing the population flow from one place to another within the country. Other less developed countries facing the same problem, although the patterns, level and consequences of internal migration in Hungary differs from others. We study the most essential variables in our analysislike unemployment and other well-being indicators. At all levels of life satisfaction, individuals with similar characteristics have greater intentions to migrate from rural areas to urbanised cities, which negatively effects the labour force of agriculture too. In terms of model, we did regression analysis in order to see which factors have significant effect on migration and create the clusters to identify the group of settlements. And our findings explain the determinant factors causing outmigration from agricultural areas of Hungary based on socio-economic variables and macro-economic conditions.

Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban; Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-04
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:icfae2:296714

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.296714

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