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Aspirations and income, food security and subjective well-being in rural Ethiopia

Daniel Ayalew Mekonnen and Nicolas Gerber

No 234562, Discussion Papers from University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF)

Abstract: Despite some improvements in recent years, poverty and food insecurity remain widespread and the main challenges in Ethiopia. Using individual and household level data collected in rural Ethiopia, we examine if aspirations are strongly associated with well-being outcomes, as posited in the aspirations failure framework articulated by Ray (2006) and others. We employ both bivariate and multivariate analyses. We find that aspirations (particularly that of the household head) are indeed strongly associated with the household per-capita income and expenditure and with various triangulating measures of household food (in)security including per-capita calorie consumption, the food consumption score (FCS), the household dietary diversity score (HDDS), and the household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS). Contrary to a few other studies, we also find strong evidence that, in rural Ethiopia, aspirations are positively associated with satisfaction in life and/or happiness. Findings in this study provide suggestive evidence that policies aimed at improving well-being outcomes might benefit from multiple effects (both direct and indirect) if they incorporate aspirations raising strategies.

Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50
Date: 2016-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-agr, nep-hap and nep-pke
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Working Paper: Aspirations and income, food security and subjective well-being in rural Ethiopia (2016) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:ubzefd:234562

DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.234562

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