FAMILY AND COMMUNITY NETWORKS IN MEXICO-U.S. MIGRATION
Paul Winters (),
Alain de Janvry () and
Elisabeth Sadoulet ()
No 12907, Working Papers from University of New England, School of Economics
A household's decision to send migrants is based on information the household has on the expected returns and the costs of migration. Information on migration flows from both family migrant networks and community migrant networks. Direct assistance - in the form of money, housing, transportation, and food - is often provided to migrants by these networks, thus reducing the costs of migration. Using data from a national survey of rural Mexican households, we show the importance of networks in both the decision to migrate and the level of migration. We find that community and family networks are substitutes in the production of information and assistance suggesting that, once migration is well established in a community, family networks become less important. In addition, the development of strong community networks erases the role of household characteristics in migration, allowing those initially least favored to also participate in migration. Results suggest that policies designed to reduce Mexico-U.S. migration should focus on regions where migrant networks are yet weakly developed since, once strong community networks become established, reducing migration would require much higher levels of public investment.
Keywords: Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (13) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Family and Community Networks in Mexico-U.S. Migration (2001)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ags:uneewp:12907
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from University of New England, School of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by AgEcon Search ().