Social Divisiveness and Conflicts: Grievances Matter!
Raouf Boucekkine (),
Rodolphe Desbordes () and
Paolo Melindi-Ghidi ()
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Rodolphe Desbordes: SKEMA Business School - Université Côte d'Azur, https://www.skema.edu/
No 1906, AMSE Working Papers from Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France
Somehow paradoxically, it is common for research on the determinants of civil wars to conclude that social factors matter much less, if at all, than economic factors. We contribute to this debate by conducting an original empirical analysis in which we investigate whether the deliberate unequal treatment of groups of people by a government can give rise to movements opposing the current political system. In doing so, we significantly innovate on the existing literature exploring the links between grievances and civil war. We look at all forms of social conflict, violent and non-violent, high and low intensity. Our index of social divisiveness captures multiple dimensions of observed unequal group treatments and is not restricted to latent ethnic divisions. We control for time-invariant factors in a large sample of countries over a long period of time. We take into account measurement uncertainty, dynamics, cross-region heterogeneity, localised spatial effects, non-linearity of effects, and a potential endogeneity bias. Our results show that social divisiveness has a large, positive, and statistically significant robust effect on anti-system opposition. It also appears to be the main channel through which long-lasting ethnic polarisation influences the onset of civil wars.
Keywords: civil resistance; civil war; grievances; social conflict; social divisiveness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D74 H56 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Social Divisiveness and Conflicts: Grievances Matter! (2019)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aim:wpaimx:1906
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