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Long-term growth impact of climate change and policies: the Advanced Climate Change Long-term (ACCL) scenario building model

Claire Alestra (), Gilbert Cette (), Valérie Chouard and Remy Lecat ()
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Claire Alestra: Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, EHESS, Ecole Centrale, AMSE, Marseille, France, https://www.amse-aixmarseille.fr/en/members/alestra

No 2007, AMSE Working Papers from Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France

Abstract: This paper provides a tool to build climate change scenarios to forecast Gross Domestic Product (GDP), modelling both GDP damage due to climate change and the GDP impact of mitigating measures. It adopts a supply-side, long-term view, with 2060 and 2100 horizons. It is a global projection tool (30 countries / regions), with assumptions and results both at the world and the country / regional level. Five different types of energy inputs are taken into account according to their CO2 emission factors. Full calibration is possible at each stage, with estimated or literature-based default parameters. In particular, Total Factor Productivity (TFP), which is a major source of uncertainty on future growth and hence on CO2 emissions, is endogenously determined, with a rich modeling encompassing energy prices, investment prices, education, structural reforms and decreasing return to the employment rate. We present four scenarios: Business As Usual (BAU), with stable energy prices relative to GDP price; Decrease of Renewable Energy relative Price (DREP), with the relative price of non CO2 emitting electricity decreasing by 2% a year; Low Carbon Tax (LCT) scenario with CO2 emitting energy relative prices increasing by 1% per year; High Carbon Tax (HCT) scenario with CO2 emitting energy relative prices increasing by 3% per year. At the 2100 horizon, global GDP incurs a loss of 12% in the BAU, 10% in the DREP, 8% in the Low Carbon Tax scenario and 7% in the High Carbon Tax scenario. This scenario exercise illustrates both the "tragedy of the horizon", as gains from avoided climate change damage net of damage from mitigating policies are negative in the medium-term and positive in the long-term, and the "tragedy of the commons", as climate change damage is widely dispersed and particularly severe in developing economies, while mitigating policies should be implemented in all countries, especially in advanced countries modestly affected by climate change but with large CO2 emission contributions.

Keywords: climate; global warming; energy prices; government policy; growth; productivity; long-term projections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H23 Q54 E23 E37 O11 O47 O57 Q43 Q48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-mac
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Related works:
Working Paper: Long-term growth impact of climate change and policies: the Advanced Climate Change Long-term (ACCL) scenario building model (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Long-term growth impact of climate change and policies: the Advanced Climate Change Long-term (ACCL) scenario building model Downloads
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