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Determinants of Export Diversification: an Empirical Investigation

Aleksandra Parteka () and Massimo Tamberi ()

No 327, Working Papers from Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali

Abstract: Empirical findings confirm that relatively high specialisation of economic structures tends to be associated with low levels of income per capita, but countries diversify their export structures along their path of growth. However, usually only per capita income, and eventually, country-specific fixed effects are the sole explanatory variables taken into consideration in the estimation of specialisation curves. We extend the analysis of specialisation - economic development nexus and search for the determinants of trade diversification process. Using a panel data-set for 60 countries and twenty years (1985-2004), we combine synthetic specialisation measures obtained with manufacturing exports data (SITC Rev2, 3 digit) with a wide range of country-specific variables characterising their size, geographical conditions, endowments, human capital or institutional setting. It turns out that distance from major markets and country size are the most relevant and robust determinants of export diversification process, explaining together around half of between country variability in specialisation patterns. The results are robust to changes in the disaggregation scheme and in the estimation procedure.

Keywords: sectoral diversification; structural change; trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 F15 O14 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-int
Date: 2008-11
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http://docs.dises.univpm.it/web/quaderni/pdf/327.pdf First version, 2008 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: What Determines Export Diversification in the Development Process? Empirical Assessment (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Export Diversification and Development - Empirical Assessment (2011) Downloads
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