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An evaluation of IFIs impact on EU countries budget deficits

Bogdan Capraru (), George Georgescu () and Nicu Sprincean
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Nicu Sprincean: Romania Fiscal Council

Working Papers of Romania Fiscal Council from Romania Fiscal Council

Abstract: This paper explores the impact of the independent fiscal institutions on public budget deficit in the European Union. We employ a dynamic panel model for the period 2000-2019 and find that these fiscal watchdogs have a positive and significant influence on general government balance for European Union Member States, resulting in smaller public budget deficits. The findings maintain their significance regardless of the year of accession to the European Union (old vs. new members) or euro area status (euro area vs. non-euro area members). However, we find that the independent fiscal institutions play a much important role for countries that established their fiscal institutions before 2013. Moreover, we document that during systemic and banking crises these independent fiscal councils can help reducing public budget deficits. Our results are robust to a variety of specifications and models, including alternative definitions of government balance and after controlling for a set of institutional characteristics.

Keywords: : Fiscal Balance; Independent Fiscal Institutions; Public Budget Deficit (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 H60 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-tra
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