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ASSESSING THE "ENGINES OF LIBERATION": HOME APPLIANCES AND FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION

Tiago Cavalcanti () and Jose Tavares ()

Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] from ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics]

Abstract: The secular rise in female labor force participation, highlighted in the recent macroeconomics literature on growth and structural change, has been associated with the declining price and wider availability of home appliances. This paper uses a new and unique country dataset on the price of home appliances to test its impact on female labor supply. We assess the role of the price of appliances in raising participation by comparing it to the impact of fertility and other macroeconomic factors. A decrease in the relative price of appliances - the ratio of the price of appliances to the consumer price index - leads to a substantial and statistically significant increase in female labor force participation. The impact of the price of appliances is quantitatively of the same order of magnitude as that of fertility. This result is robust to the inclusion of additional controls, such as income per capita, government spending, and male and female unemployment rates. To assess causality, we test for exogeneity and use the lagged relative price of appliances and the food price index as instrumental variables, confirming that lower appliance prices lead to increased female participation.

JEL-codes: J22 O11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-edu and nep-pbe
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http://www.anpec.org.br/encontro2004/artigos/A04A037.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Assessing the "Engines of Liberation": Home Appliances and Female Labor Force Participation (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Assessing the 'Engines of Liberation': Home Appliances and Female Labour Force Participation (2006) Downloads
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