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TRADE LIBERALIZATION, THE EXCHANGE RATE AND JOB AND WORKER FLOWS IN BRAZIL

Eduardo Ribeiro (), Carlos Corseuil, Daniel Santos, Paulo Furtado, Brunu Amorim, Luciana Servo and André Souza

Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] from ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics]

Abstract: Over the 1990's Brazil experienced a massive trade liberalization and wide variation in the real exchange rate. At the same time, employment growth was small and in manufacturing there was a significant reduction in total manufacturing. The main goal of this article is to idntify the effects of the exchange rate and trade liberalization on job and worker flows in Brazil. Using a novel sector exchange rate measure, our results suggest that a depreciation of the exchange rate affects net employment growth by increasing job creation and hires, with no effect on job reallocation. Tariffs have no effect on job or worker flows, while import penetration decrease job growth by increasing job destruction. The results suggest that the echange rate have a very important role on job and worker flows, even after controlling for openess and sector specificities.

JEL-codes: J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004
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Working Paper: Trade Liberalization, the Exchange Rate and Job and Worker Flows in Brazil (2004) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:anp:en2004:153

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