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When a Strike Strikes Twice: Massive Student Mobilizations and Teenage Pregnancy in Chile

Pablo A. Celhay, Emilio Depetris-Chauvin and Cristina Riquelme
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Pablo A. Celhay: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Emilio Depetris-Chauvin: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Cristina Riquelme: University of Maryland

No 267, Working Papers from Red Nacional de Investigadores en Economía (RedNIE)

Abstract: This paper empirically studies the impact of massive and sudden school closures following the 2011 nationwide student strike in Chile on teenage pregnancy. We observe a 2.7% average increase in teenage pregnancies in response to temporary high school shutdowns, equating to 1.9 additional pregnancies per school day lost. The effect diminishes three quarters after the strike’s onset. Effects are predominantly driven by first-time mothers and are aligned with higher school absenteeism periods, and are unrelated to typical teenage fertility seasonality or pregnancies of other age groups. The study also reveals a slight increase in the demand for emergency contraception and condoms due to strikes. This suggests that riskier behavior mainly drives effects due to reduced adult supervision. Additionally, we find persistent negative effects on students’ educational trajectories, evidenced by an increase in dropout rates and a reduction in college admission test take-up.

Keywords: Teenage Pregnancy; Risky Behavior; Student Protests; Incapacitation Effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I2 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 73 pages
Date: 2023-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-lam and nep-ure
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