Does It Matter How Central Banks Accumulate Reserves? Evidence from Sovereign Spreads
Cesar Sosa-Padilla and
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Federico Sturzenegger: Universidad de San Andrés/Harvard Kennedy School
No 79, Working Papers from Red Nacional de Investigadores en Economía (RedNIE)
There has been substantial research on the bene ts of accumulating foreign reserves, but less on the relative merits of how these reserves are accumulated. In this paper we explore whether the form of accumulation a ects country risk. We rst present a model of endogenous sovereign debt defaults, where we show that reserve accumulation through the issuance of debt contingent on local output reduces spreads in a way that reserve accumulation with foreign borrowing does not. We con rm this model prediction when taking the theory to the data. These results suggest that attention should be placed on the way reserves are accumulated, a distinction that has important practical implications. In particular, our results call into question the benefits of programs of reserves strengthening through external debt such as those typically implemented by multilateral organizations.
Keywords: International reserves; contingent debt; sovereign default; country spreads. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F32 F34 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
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Journal Article: Does it matter how central banks accumulate reserves? Evidence from sovereign spreads (2023)
Working Paper: Does It Matter How Central Banks Accumulate Reserves? Evidence from Sovereign Spreads (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aoz:wpaper:79
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