Group Size and Political Representation Under Alternate Electoral Systems
Sugat Chaturvedi () and
Sabyasachi Das ()
Additional contact information
Sugat Chaturvedi: Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi
Sabyasachi Das: Department of Economics, Ashoka University
No 4, Working Papers from Ashoka University, Department of Economics
We examine the eï¬€ect of group size of minorities on their representation in national government under majoritarian (MR) and proportional (PR) electoral systems. We ï¬ rst establish a robust empirical regularity using an ethnicity-country level panel data comprising 438 ethno-country minority groups across 102 democracies spanning the period 1946â€“2013. We show that a minority groupâ€™s population share has no relation with its absolute representation in the national executive under PR but has an inverted-U shaped relation under MR. The pattern is stable over time and robust to alternate speciï¬ cations. The developmental outcomes for a group proxied using stable nightlight emissions in a groupâ€™s settlement area follow the same pattern. We reproduce the main results by two separate identiï¬ cation strategiesâ€”(i) instrumenting colonyâ€™s voting system by that of the primary colonial ruler and, (ii) comparing the same ethnicity across countries within a continent. We argue that existing theoretical framework with a two group set up is not able to explain this pattern. Our proposed model incorporates the spatial distribution of multiple minority groups in a probabilistic voting model and justiï¬ es these patterns as equilibrium behavior. The data further validate a critical assumption of the model and its additional comparative static results. Our work highlights that electoral systems can have importanteï¬€ectsonpowerinequalityacrossminorities, andconsequently, theirwell-being.
Keywords: Electoral systems; minorities; political representation; settlement patterns (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ash:wpaper:04
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Ashoka University, Department of Economics
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Ashoka University ().