The energy metabolism of China and India between 1971-2010: studying the bifurcation
Raúl Velasco Fernández,
Jesus Ramos-Martin and
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Raúl Velasco Fernández: Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Mario Giampietro: Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Raúl Velasco-Fernández ()
No 2013_02, UHE Working papers from Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica
This paper presents a comparison of the changes in the energetic metabolic pattern of China and India, the two most populated countries in the world, with two economies undergoing an important economic transition. The comparison of the changes in the energetic metabolic pattern has the scope to characterize and explain a bifurcation in their evolutionary path in the recent years, using the Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM) approach. The analysis shows an impressive transformation of China’s energy metabolism determined by the joining of the WTO in 2001. Since then, China became the largest factory of the world with a generalized capitalization of all sectors ?especially the industrial sector? boosting economic labor productivity as well as total energy consumption. India, on the contrary, lags behind when considering these factors. Looking at changes in the household sector (energy metabolism associated with final consumption) in the case of China, the energetic metabolic rate (EMR) soared in the last decade, also thanks to a reduced growth of population, whereas in India it remained stagnant for the last 40 years. This analysis indicates a big challenge for India for the next decade. In the light of the data analyzed both countries will continue to require strong injections of technical capital requiring a continuous increase in their total energy consumption. When considering the size of these economies it is easy to guess that this may induce a dramatic increase in the price of energy, an event that at the moment will penalize much more the chance of a quick economic development of India.
Keywords: China; India; Energy; Multi-scale integrated analysis; Societal Metabolism; Sustainability; Socio-metabolic Transitions; Economic development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q43 Q48 Q56 Q57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 23 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-tra
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aub:uhewps:2013_02
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