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Pollution control: when, and how, to be precautious

Stergios Athanassoglou () and Anastasios Xepapadeas ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Stergios Athanasoglou

No 1112, DEOS Working Papers from Athens University of Economics and Business

Abstract: The precautionary principle (PP) applied to environmental policy stipulates that, in the pres- ence of physical uncertainty, society must take take robust preventive action to guard against worst-case outcomes. It follows that the higher the degree of uncertainty, the more aggressive this preventive action should be. This normative maxim is explored in the case of a stylized dy- namic model of pollution control under Knightian uncertainty. At time 0 a decisionmaker makes a one-time investment in damage-control technology and subsequently decides on a desirable dynamic emissions policy. Adopting the robust control framework of Hansen and Sargent [10], we investigate optimal damage-control and mitigation policies. We show that optimal invest- ment in damage control is always increasing in the degree of uncertainty, thus con rming the conventional PP wisdom. Optimal mitigation decisions, however, need not always comport with the PP and we provide analytical conditions that sway the relationship one way or the other. This result is interesting when contrasted to a model with xed damage-control technology, in which it can be easily shown that a PP vis-a-vis mitigation unambiguously holds. We conduct a set of numerical experiments to determine the sensitivity of our results to speci c functional forms of damage-control cost. We nd that when the cost of damage-control technology is low enough, damage-control investment and mitigation may act as substitutes and a PP with respect to the latter can be unambiguously irrational.

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Working Paper: Pollution Control: When, and How, to be Precautious (2011) Downloads
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