Buergerversicherung vs. Gesundheitspraemie – Vergleich der Reformoptionen zur Finanzierung der Gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung
Anita B. Pfaff (),
Bernhard Langer and
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Anita B. Pfaff: University of Augsburg, Department of Economics, https://www.wiwi.uni-augsburg.de/vwl/institut/
Bernhard Langer: University of Augsburg, Department of Economics, https://www.wiwi.uni-augsburg.de/vwl/institut/
Florian Freund: University of Augsburg, Department of Economics, https://www.wiwi.uni-augsburg.de/vwl/institut/
No 277, Discussion Paper Series from Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics
The wage-dependence of the Public Health Insurance (PHI) as well as the somewhat inconsistent parallel coverage via PHI and private health insurance constitute drawbacks of the present health care revenue system, leading to undesirable distributional and allocative patterns and disadvantages in the course of demographic and economic change. Two conflicting approaches, the “Buergerversicherung” (“Citizens’ Health Insurance”) and the “Gesundheitsprämie” (“Flat Rate Health Insurance”) try to remedy these by way of different methods – the former with a statutory health insurance for all and a comprehensive income basis for proportionate health insurance contributions, the latter with a flat rate contribution for the present PHI including a massive tax subsidy for the contributions for low-income groups and children. The paper presents simulations of the distributional effects. Differing effects become evident. Moreover these patterns also reflect different “philosophies” of social welfare and public revenue regimes. The “Bürgerversicherung” reduces payments by wage and wage-replacement earners and generally by low income groups, the “Gesundheitspraemie” favors higher-income individuals and particularly two-earner married couples.
Keywords: Social Health Insurance System; Public Finance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pbe
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