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Upstart Industrialization and Exports, Japan 1880-1910

Christopher Meissner () and John Tang

No 4, CEH Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic History, Research School of Economics, Australian National University

Abstract: Japanese exports between 1880 and 1910 increased massively in volume, changed composition, and shifted away from leading industrialized countries toward poorer Asian neighbors. The product mix also varied with the level of development of the destination, with new products and specializations more likely to ship to less developed regional economies. Using a new disaggregated data set of the bilateral-product level exports for the universe of Japanese trade partners, we find that changes in various extensive margins (new markets, new goods) account for over 30 percent of export growth over this period. Determinants of initial entry include trade costs and market size. Products started in a small number of markets and accumulated additional destinations building on earlier successes. Subsequent entry was also influenced by product-level characteristics interacting with destination-specific characteristics. We confirm that export growth for “new” products was stronger in LDCs than in advanced economies, but the latter still claimed a larger share of overall trade growth. There is little evidence that Japan exported low quality manufactured goods to new, low-income destinations. Instead, reductions in trade costs helped Japan augment market share. Exit is relatively rare but appears to be determined by market-specific demand-side effects and product-specific factors.

Keywords: market entry; extensive margin; intensive margin; first wave of globalization; export diversification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm, nep-his, nep-int and nep-sea
Date: 2017-05
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