EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Cointegration and Asymmetric Adjustment between Output and Unemployment: an Application to the U.S. Economy

Elisabeth Pereira, J. P. Cerdeira Bento () and Ricardo Fernando Silva ()
Additional contact information
J. P. Cerdeira Bento: GOVCOPP, Departamento de Economia e Gestão Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro
Ricardo Fernando Silva: Departamento de Economia e Gestão Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro

No 52, Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) from Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro

Abstract: This paper focuses on the properties of the adjustment between the real output and the unemployment rate for the U.S. economy in the period from 1975 to 2006. It starts by checking the order of integration of the two series and then tests for the presence of asymmetry in the Okun’s law relationship through a cyclical equation, a first differences equation and an ADL(p,q). Using the threshold cointegration approach this study also accounts for the possible existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship and it is ability to test for the asymmetric adjustment hypothesis. It is found that Okun’s coefficient ranges between -0.41 and -0.59, being the latter estimated by the cointegrating equation. Furthermore, the unemployment rate behaves differently along the business cycle and increases faster in recessions than it recovers in expansions. A long-run equilibrium relationship is established where adjustment is made asymmetrically. Positive deviations away from equilibrium are corrected slightly faster than negative ones. Our explanation concerns the higher speed of flows within the labor market during a recession than during an expansion which may also be related to the existence of nominal rigidities in the US economy that causes imperfectly flexible prices.

Keywords: Okun’s Law; Threshold Cointegration; Asymmetric Adjustment; Monte Carlo Simulations; U.S. Economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 E30 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 23 pages
Date: 2009-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.ua.pt/egi/ReadObject.aspx?obj=14118 (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 404 Not Found (https://www.ua.pt/egi/ReadObject.aspx?obj=14118 [302 Moved Temporarily]--> https://api-portal.ua.pt/api/v1/file/14118)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ave:wpaper:522009

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) from Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Marta Ferreira Dias ().

 
Page updated 2022-08-14
Handle: RePEc:ave:wpaper:522009