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Inequality of Opportunity in the Labour Market Entry of Graduates in Italy

Patrizia Luongo ()
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Patrizia Luongo: University of Bari

No 30, SERIES from Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro"

Abstract: The aim of the study is to test for equality of opportunity at the en- try into the national labour market of Italian graduates. By using an Italian survey data on the transition from university to work, we focus on the probability to get a job within three years from the graduation, and we find significant differences across individuals with different family background. In an attempt to explain whether these differences refiect op- portunity inequality, we adopt the Gomulka-Stern decomposition method. This method allows us to decompose differences in the probability to find a job between groups of people with different family background into two additive components. The first component can be attributed to differ- ences between groups in the distribution of individualsfi characteristics. The second component is a residual difference which can be attributed to opportunity inequality under the assumption that there is no unobserved heterogeneity between groups. In the presence of unobserved heterogene- ity, this residual component gives us a biased estimation for the difference in probability explained by opportunity inequality.

Keywords: Inequality of Opportunity; Higher Education; Gomulka-Stern Decomposition. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I2 C25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-05, Revised 2010-05
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