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Against the mainstream: Nazi privatization in 1930s Germany

Germà Bel ()

No 162, Working Papers in Economics from Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia

Abstract: The Great Depression spurred State ownership in Western capitalist countries. Germany was no exception; the last governments of the Weimar Republic took over firms in diverse sectors. Later, the Nazi regime transferred public ownership and public services to the private sector. In doing so, they went against the mainstream trends in the Western capitalist countries, none of which systematically reprivatized firms during the 1930s. Privatization in Nazi Germany was also unique in transferring to private hands the delivery f public services previously provided by government. The firms and the services transferred to private ownership belonged to diverse sectors. Privatization was part of an intentional policy with multiple objectives and was not ideologically driven. As in many recent privatizations, particularly within the European Union, strong financial restrictions were a central motivation. In addition, privatization was used as a political tool to enhance support for the government and for the Nazi Party.

JEL-codes: G38 L32 L33 N44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2006
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-pbe
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Working Paper: Against the mainstream: Nazi privatization in 1930s Germany (2007) Downloads
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