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The causal effect of early tracking in German schools on the intergenerational transmission of education

Dominique Sulzmaier

No 187, Working Papers from Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE)

Abstract: Numerous studies have found a high intergenerational transmission of education in Germany which might be caused by the relatively early age at which the German school system tracks students into differentschool types. This study contributes to the scarce literatureontheeffectofachangeintheageoftrackingearlyintheschoolingcareeronthe intergenerational transmission of education and reveals new evidence on the heterogeneity of the effect. The identi?cation strategy exploits a recent reform in one German state, whichchangedthetimeoftrackingfromaftergradesixtoaftergradefour.Theresultsof adifference-in-differencesapproachwithdatafromtheGermanMicrocensussuggestthat earlier tracking increases intergenerational transmission of both, low and high education. Male students and students in rural areas appear to drive the effect.

Keywords: intergenerationaltransmissionofeducation; tracking; schoolattainment; Germany; difference-in-differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I24 C54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2020-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eur and nep-ure
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