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Entrepreneurial Intention, Cognitive Social Capital and Culture: Empirical Analysis for Spain and Taiwan

Francisco Liñán Alcalde (), Francisco J. Santos () and José L. Roldán ()
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José L. Roldán: Universidad de Sevilla

No 803, Working Papers from Departament Empresa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Abstract: Objectives: The main purpose of this paper is building a research model to integrate the socioeconomic concept of social capital within intentional models of new firm creation. Nevertheless, some researchers have found cultural differences between countries and regions to have an effect on economic development. Therefore, a second objective of this study is exploring whether those cultural differences affect entrepreneurial cognitions. Research design and methodology: Two samples of last year university students from Spain and Taiwan are studied through an Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire (EIQ). Structural equation models (Partial Least Squares) are used to test the hypotheses. The possible existence of differences between both sub-samples is also empirically explored through a multigroup analysis. Main outcomes and results: The proposed model ex plains 54.5% of the variance in entrepreneurial intention. Besides, there are some significant differences between both subsamples that could be attributed to cultural diversity. Conclusions: This paper has shown the relevance of cognitive social capital in shaping individuals’ entrepreneurial intentions across different countries. Furthermore, it uggests that national culture could be shaping entrepreneurial perceptions, but not cognitive social capital. Therefore, both cognitive social capital and culture (made up essentially of values and beliefs), may act together to reinforce the entr epreneurial intention.

Date: 2008-02, Revised 2008-02
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Published in Working Papers at the Department of Business, February pages 1-56

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