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Permissible collateral and access to finance: evidence from a quasi-natural experiment

Bing Xu ()

No 1750, Working Papers from Banco de España, Working Papers Homepage

Abstract: By allowing large classes of movable asstes to be used as collateral, the Property Law reform transformed the secured transactions in China. Difference-in-differences test show fi rms operating with ex-ante more movable assets expand access to bank credit and prolong debt maturity. However, the reform does not seem to improve the effi ciency of credit allocation, as debt capacity of ex-ante low quality fi rms expands the most following the reform. Credit expansion also does not lead to better fi rm performance. These findings are not driven by confounding factors such as improvements in creditor and property rights protection. Our results also cannot be explained by other important reforms which were introduced around the same time as the introduction of the Property Law. These include anti-tunneling and split-share reforms and amendments to the corporate tax structure in China. We conduct explicit robustness tests for these other reforms and hence contribute to the empirical literature on the reform process in China with new findings.

Keywords: Collateral; movable assets; leverage; property law (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G28 G32 K22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-cna, nep-law and nep-tra
Date: 2017-12
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Working Paper: Permissible collateral and access to finance: Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment (2018) Downloads
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