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Confidence intervals for bias and size distortion in IV and local projections — IV models

Gergely Ganics, Atsushi Inoue () and Barbara Rossi ()

No 1841, Working Papers from Banco de España, Working Papers Homepage

Abstract: In this paper we propose methods to construct confidence intervals for the bias of the two-stage least squares estimator, and the size distortion of the associated Wald test in instrumental variables models. Importantly our framework covers the local projections — instrumental variable model as well. Unlike tests for weak instruments, whose distributions are non-standard and depend on nuisance parameters that cannot be estimated consistently, the confidence intervals for the strength of identification are straightforward and computationally easy to calculate, as they are obtained from inverting a chi-squared distribution. Furthermore, they provide more information to researchers on instrument strength than the binary decision offered by tests. Monte Carlo simulations show that the confidence intervals have good small sample coverage. We illustrate the usefulness of the proposed methods to measure the strength of identification in two empirical situations: the estimation of the intertemporal elasticity of substitution in a linearized Euler equation, and government spending multipliers.

Keywords: instrumental variables; weak instruments; weak identification; concentration parameter; local projections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 C52 C53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-ets
Date: 2018-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Downloads: (external link) ... 18/Files/dt1841e.pdf First version, December 2018 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Confidence Intervals for Bias and Size Distortion in IV and Local Projections–IV Models (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Confidence intervals for bias and size distortion in IV and local projections–IV models (2018) Downloads
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